Can Landlord Require 60 Days Notice California

In California, landlords may not require a 60 days’ notice from tenants when terminating a rental agreement. California’s Civil Code Section 1946 states the minimum notice period a landlord must give to terminate a month-to-month tenancy is 30 days, and for a fixed-term lease, the notice period must be at least 60 days before the end of the term. Legally, landlords can require tenants to give 30-60 days’ notice when terminating a tenancy, but only in certain situations where a longer notice period is allowed by law.

California Law on Notice to Terminate Tenancy

When a landlord wants to terminate a tenancy in California, they must provide the tenant with a written notice. The length of the notice period depends on the type of tenancy and the reason for termination. The California Civil Code sections 1946 and 1946.1 provide guidance on notice requirements for different tenancy types.

  • Month-to-Month Tenancies:
    • Landlord must provide the tenant with written notice of at least 30 days before termination.
    • The notice must state the date when the tenancy will end.
  • Fixed-Term Tenancies:
    • Notice requirements vary based on the reason for termination.
    • If the landlord is terminating for a breach of lease by the tenant, they must provide a 3-day notice to quit.
    • For all other terminations, the landlord must provide a 30-day notice.
    • The notice must state the date when the tenancy will end and the reason for termination.
  • Tenancies at Will:
    • The landlord can terminate the tenancy at any time by providing the tenant with a 30-day written notice.
    • The notice must state the date when the tenancy will end.
Tenancy TypeNotice PeriodReason for Termination
Month-to-Month30 daysN/A
Fixed-Term3 days (for breach of lease)Breach of lease
Fixed-Term30 daysAll other reasons
Tenancy at Will30 daysN/A

Note that these are the minimum notice requirements under California law. Landlords may provide longer notice periods in their lease agreements. Additionally, there are some exceptions to these notice requirements, such as when a tenant is illegally using the property or is causing damage to the premises. For more detailed information regarding notice requirements, please refer to the California Civil Code sections 1946 and 1946.1.

Special Cases for Shorter Notice Periods

In California, while landlords are entitled to require a 60-day notice before a tenant vacates a property, there are a few exceptions where a shorter notice period may be allowed:

  • Month-to-Month Tenancies: Tenants living in month-to-month tenancies may be required to provide only a 30-day notice before moving out. However, the landlord must also provide a 30-day notice to the tenant before terminating the tenancy.
  • Fixed-Term Leases: If a fixed-term lease agreement is less than one year, the landlord can require a 30-day notice before the lease ends. However, if the lease is for a year or longer, the landlord is still required to provide a 60-day notice.
  • Rent Increases: When a landlord increases the rent, they must provide the tenant with a 30-day notice before the increase takes effect. If the tenant disagrees with the rent increase, they can choose to end the tenancy by providing a 30-day notice.

It’s important to note that these exceptions are specific to California. The notice requirements may vary in other states. It’s always a good idea for both landlords and tenants to review the lease agreement carefully to understand their rights and obligations.

Below is a table summarizing the notice periods for different tenancy types in California:

Tenancy TypeNotice Period for TenantNotice Period for Landlord
Month-to-Month30 days30 days
Fixed-Term Lease (<1 year)30 days30 days
Fixed-Term Lease (1 year or more)60 days60 days
Rent Increase30 daysN/A

Consequences of Improper Notice

Failing to provide the proper notice can have serious consequences for both landlords and tenants. Here are some potential consequences:

  • Invalid Termination: If the landlord fails to provide the required notice, the termination of the tenancy may be considered invalid. This means that the tenant may be able to remain in the rental unit beyond the termination date specified in the notice.
  • Legal Action: The tenant may have grounds to take legal action against the landlord for improper notice. This could result in the landlord being ordered to pay damages to the tenant.
  • Loss of Rent: If the landlord improperly terminates the tenancy, they may lose out on rental income for the period during which the tenant remains in the unit.
  • Damaged Reputation: Improper notices can damage the landlord’s reputation and make it more difficult to rent out the unit in the future.
Consequences of Improper Notice
Invalid TerminationRemain in Rental Unit
Legal ActionSue for Damages
Loss of Rent
Damaged Reputation

To avoid these consequences, it is important for landlords to ensure that they provide the proper notice to tenants, in accordance with California law.

What is the Required Notice Period in California?

In California, landlords are required to provide tenants with at least 30 days’ written notice before terminating a month-to-month tenancy. However, landlords and tenants may agree to a longer notice period in their lease agreement.

Alternative Notice Periods in Lease Agreements

Landlords and tenants may agree to a longer notice period in their lease agreement. This can be beneficial for both parties, as it provides the tenant with more time to find a new place to live and the landlord with more time to prepare the rental unit for a new tenant.

Some common alternative notice periods include:

  • 60 days
  • 90 days
  • 120 days

Things to Keep in Mind

  • The notice period must be specified in the lease agreement.
  • The notice period cannot be changed once the lease agreement is signed.
  • A landlord cannot require a tenant to give more than 30 days’ notice to terminate a month-to-month tenancy, even if the lease agreement specifies a longer notice period.

What if the Landlord Does Not Provide Proper Notice?

If a landlord does not provide proper notice, the tenant may be entitled to compensation for any damages they suffer as a result. Damages may include:

  • Moving expenses
  • Lost rent
  • Storage fees
  • Legal fees

Avoiding Disputes

To avoid disputes over the notice period, landlords and tenants should communicate openly about their expectations. Landlords should provide tenants with a written notice of termination at least the number of days specified in the lease agreement. Tenants should provide landlords with a written notice of termination at least 30 days before the end of the lease term, even if the lease agreement specifies a shorter notice period.

Summary of Notice Periods in California
Type of TenancyRequired Notice Period
Month-to-Month Tenancy30 days
Fixed-Term TenancyAs specified in the lease agreement

And that’s all there is to it, folks! I hope this article has been helpful in answering your questions about California’s 60-day notice requirement for landlords. If you have any further questions or concerns, you should always consult with an attorney or real estate professional. In the meantime, thanks for reading, and be sure to check back for more informative and engaging content in the future. Until next time, keep on renting!